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当前位置:首页 > 中科资讯 > 常见问题 > 混凝土搅拌车蓄电池的保养
混凝土搅拌车蓄电池的保养
来源:http://www.cnzkjf.cn发布日期:2020-06-12   浏览量:
 
1.混凝土搅拌车蓄电池的保养
1. Maintenance of mixer battery
在汽车正常使用的情况下,电气设备若无故障,蓄电池应随时充电。如发现不充电或充电不足而影响启动机启动,应检查发电机电压机电压调节器等是否有故障,并立即排除。此外,蓄电池经常保持外表清洁,电池表面污垢和溅出的电解液应用抹布浸10%浓度的苏打水予以洗净,而后再用清洗的干布擦拭干净,如汽车长期不用,应将蓄电池卸下每月充电一次,汽车停止使用一个月左右,应截断电路,以防自动放电。如车辆停止三个月左右不使用,应拆下蓄电池并及时补充电。
In the normal use of the car, if there is no fault in the electrical equipment, the battery should be charged at any time. If it is found that no charge or insufficient charge will affect the start-up of the starter, it is necessary to check whether there is any fault in the voltage regulator of the generator's mechanical and Electrical Press, and eliminate it immediately. In addition, the battery shall be kept clean. The dirt and spilled electrolyte on the battery surface shall be cleaned with a cloth soaked in 10% soda water, and then cleaned with a clean dry cloth. If the car is not used for a long time, the battery shall be unloaded and charged once a month. If the car is not used for a month, the circuit shall be cut off to prevent automatic discharge. If the vehicle is not used for about three months, remove the battery and make up the power in time.
a.蓄电池充电规范 蓄电池的充电要根据不同情况选择适当的方法,并且正确的使用充电设备,这样才能提高工作效率,延长蓄电池的使用寿命。蓄电池充电的种类很多,但注意事项基本相同。
a. Battery charging standard battery charging should choose appropriate methods according to different conditions, and use charging equipment correctly, so as to improve work efficiency and extend the service life of battery. There are many kinds of battery charging, but the precautions are basically the same.
严格遵守各种充电方法的充电规范
Strictly abide by the charging specifications of various charging methods
新蓄电池或修复后的搅拌车蓄电池(更换极板)使用之前开始充电为初充电。充电时,将蓄电池正负极分别与充电机正负极相连,初充电应选用较小的电流,充电过程通常分为两个阶段进行,一阶段的充电电流约为容量的1/15,充电之电解液放出气泡,单格电池端电压达2.4V为止。此段充电时间为25-35h。然后将电流降低一半,转入二阶段,直到充足为止,时间为20-30h。使用中的蓄电池需要进行补充充电,一阶段的充电电流约为容量的1/10,二阶段的充电电流减半,一般需要13-16h。干式荷电铅蓄电池在规定的保存期内(两年)如使用,只需灌入符合规定密度的电解液,搁置15-20min,调整液面高度至规定标准后,不需要进行充电即可使用。
The new battery or the repaired mixer battery (replace the plate) shall be charged initially before use. During charging, the positive and negative poles of the battery are connected with the positive and negative poles of the charger respectively. The initial charging should be carried out with a small current. The charging process is usually divided into two stages. The charging current of the first stage is about 1 / 15 of the rated capacity. The electrolyte of the charging emits bubbles, and the electric pressure at the end of the single cell is up to 2.4V. The charging time is 25-35h. Then reduce the current by half, and turn to the second stage until it is sufficient. The time is 20-30h. The battery in use needs to be recharged. The charging current of the first stage is about 1 / 10 of the rated capacity. The charging current of the second stage is halved, which generally takes 13-16h. If the dry-type charged lead-acid battery is used within the specified storage period (two years), it only needs to be filled with electrolyte meeting the specified density, put it aside for 15-20min, adjust the liquid level to the specified standard, and then it can be used without charging.
充电过程中,要密切观察搅拌车各单格电池的电压和密度变化,及时判断其充电程度和技术状况。
During the charging process, the voltage and density of each single cell battery of the mixer shall be closely observed, and the charging degree and technical condition shall be judged in time.
充电过程中,检查电解液的密度和液面高度,如密度不符合规定要求,用蒸馏水或密度为1.4g/cm3的稀硫酸调配,电解液液面高度应高出极板上缘10-15mm。
During charging, check the density and liquid level of electrolyte. If the density does not meet the requirements, use distilled water or dilute sulfuric acid with a density of 1.4g/cm3 to mix. The liquid level of electrolyte should be 10-15mm higher than the upper edge of the plate.
在充电过程中,密切注意电池的温度。
Pay close attention to the battery temperature during charging.
如果充电时电解液的温度上升到40°C,则应停止充电,要将充电电流减半;如果温度继续上升到45°C时,则应停止充电,采用冷水或冷风的办法实行人工降温,待冷至35°C以下时在继续充电。
If the temperature of electrolyte rises to 40 ° C during charging, the charging shall be stopped, and the charging current shall be halved; if the temperature continues to rise to 45 ° C, the charging shall be stopped, and manual cooling shall be carried out by cold water or air, and the charging shall be continued when the temperature is below 35 ° C.
初充电时应连续进行,不能长时间间断。
The initial charging shall be carried out continuously without interruption for a long time.
充电设备不应和蓄电池放置在同一时间,充电时应先连接牢电池线,停止充电时应切断电源,严防火花产生。
The charging equipment shall not be placed at the same time as the battery. When charging, the battery wire shall be connected firmly. When charging is stopped, the power supply shall be cut off to prevent sparks.
充电室要安装通风装置,并严禁有明火。
The charging room shall be equipped with ventilation device and no open fire is allowed.
充电时蓄电池内进行着激烈的电化学反应。在临充电终了时,由于有电解水的作用,蓄电池会放出大量的氢气和氧气。氢和氧是易燃气体,当遇到明火时,会激烈燃烧,甚至产生爆炸,引起火灾。另外,在充电间的空气中还含有硫酸酸雾,因此设置的充电间要符合以下要求。
During charging, there is a strong electrochemical reaction in the battery. At the end of charging, due to the role of electrolytic water, the battery will release a lot of hydrogen and oxygen. Hydrogen and oxygen are flammable gases. When encountering open fire, they will burn violently and even explode, causing fire. In addition, the air in the charging room also contains sulfuric acid mist, so the charging room shall meet the following requirements.
通风良好:多开门窗,而且门窗的位置要利于室内外空气对流。充电间应单独设置,室内保持洁净,要有混凝土地板。
Good ventilation: open more doors and windows, and the location of doors and windows should be conducive to indoor and outdoor air convection. The charging room shall be set up separately. The room shall be kept clean and have concrete floor.
在充电间内严禁有火源;充电时要打开每个单格电池的加液口盖,使气体能顺利逸出。充电过程中严禁用高率放电计检查单格电池的电压,否则很容易引起气体爆炸事故。
No fire source is allowed in the charging room; the liquid filling cover of each single cell battery shall be opened during charging, so that the gas can escape smoothly. It is forbidden to check the voltage of single cell battery with high rate discharge meter during charging, otherwise it will easily cause gas explosion accident.
另外还要严防充电导线或蓄电池极桩发生短路而引起放电火花。
In addition, the short circuit of charging lead or battery pole shall be strictly prevented to cause discharge spark.
充电作业要注意用电安全,保护人体不受伤害,设备不受损坏。电源插座应完好可靠。电源线绝缘良好,不能用任何破损之处。搅拌车充电机使用前要用试电笔检查一下机壳,防止漏电伤人。充电时应先接好蓄电池电路,然后在插接电源线。充电结束时应先拔下电源线,然后再拆开蓄电池电路,要按照使用说明书正确使用充电机,严防充电机输出端发生短路。如果采用并联充电,接入各个蓄电池的电压要与充电机的输出电压相符,同时并联的蓄电池个数不鞥超过充电机的大负载容量。
During charging operation, pay attention to the safety of electricity, protect the human body and equipment from damage. The power socket shall be intact and reliable. The insulation of the power line is good and no damage is allowed. Before using the mixer charger, check the shell with a test pencil to prevent electric leakage. When charging, connect the battery circuit first, and then plug in the power cord. At the end of charging, unplug the power cord first, and then disconnect the battery circuit. Use the charger correctly according to the operating instructions to prevent short circuit at the output end of the charger. If parallel charging is adopted, the voltage connected to each battery shall be consistent with the output voltage of the charger, and the number of parallel batteries shall not exceed the large load capacity of the charger.

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